African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance (2007)

Art. 8 (2), 29, 43

African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR, 1981)

Art 18 (3)

 Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (2003)

Otherwise known as the Maputo Protocol, it addresses violence against women within many of its provisions, and establishes obligations related to legal reform.

African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (1990)

Art 14 (e)

American Convention on Human Rights (AmCHR, 1969)

Arts. 1(1), 6(1), 27(1)

Arab Charter on Human Rights (ACHR, 2004)

Arts.  3, 4, 10, 33, 34, 41, and 43

Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW, 1979)

International bill of rights for women. It defines what constitutes discrimination against women and sets up an agenda for national action to end such discrimination. The U.S. Is the only democracy, which hasn’t ratified the CEDAW.

Optional Protocol to the CEDAW (OP- CEDAW, 1999)

By ratifying the Optional Protocol, a State recognizes the competence of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women — the body that monitors States parties’ compliance with the Convention — to receive and consider complaints from individuals or groups within its jurisdiction.

Convention on the Nationality of Married Women (1957)
Convention on the Political Rights of Women (1952)

It commits Member States to allow women to vote and hold public office on equal terms with men.

European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR, 1950)

Art. 14

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR, 1966)

Art. 2, 3, 26

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR, 1966).

Art. 2, 3, 7 (a)(i)

The ILO Convention on Equal Remuneration (1951)

It establishes the principle and the practice of equal pay for work of equal value.

United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (1955)

Arts. 6, 8, 23 and 53

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR, 1949)

Preamble